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Weekly Photo Challenge: Scale (The City Wall of Xi’an and Terracotta Warriors)

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The City Wall of Xi’an is 8.5 miles long, 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top, with 18 gates.  The city has the longest history 1,200 years as a capital of 13 dynasties including the Qin Dynasty–the first emperor of Qin ordered to connect all the walls in different regions into the Great Wall.

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Terracotta Warriors were buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC. It was discovered in 1974 by local farmers. According to the current estimates, three pits (total of 27,000 sq feet) contain 8,000 Terracotta Army soldiers, only 1,000 have been unearthed.

WPC: Scale 

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Xi’an and Guilin

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— Xian, China

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— Guilin, China

These two photos were taken in two ancient cities in China. Xi’an is one of the birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the Yellow River Basin area. It has a history of 1,200 years as a capital of 13 dynasties including the Qin Dynasty–the first emperor of Qin ordered to link all the walls in different regions into the Great Wall. Between 206 BC and 9 AD, Xi’an became the world economic and cultural exchange center when the Silk Road was developed. Guilin is surrounded by two rivers and four lakes, 19 bridges connecting these rivers and lakes. I took the above photo while taking an evening walk along the lakeshore.
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Xi’an

Frizz Tagged X: Xi’an

The old Xi’an:

Xi’an (Chang’an) is one of the four ancient capitals (other three are Rome, Athens, and Cairo) in the world history. It was the capital of 13 most glorious dynasties in Chinese history.

The City Wall is a must see site, 8.5 miles long, 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top, with 18 gates. It was built in Tang dynasty (618-907) and enlarged in Ming (1368–1644), the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.

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At night, all the towers in the city are lit up:

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Below is the Drum Tower, it was erected in 1380 during the early Ming Dynasty. 12 drums were placed in its north side and another 12 in south side of the tower. in the old times, these drums were used to report the time. Here is a brief history about the city wall in Xi’an.

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–One significance of this drum tower is that no iron nail was used anywhere in the Tower.

Terracotta Warriors were buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC; it was discovered in 1974 by local farmers. According to the current estimates, three pits (total of 27,000 sq feet) contains 8,000 Terracotta Army soldiers, only 1,000 have been unearthed. IMG_1374

These terracotta fragments are there waiting to be restored: IMG_1383

The new Xi’an:

While the City puts enormous effort to preserve the ancient walls, towers, Terracotta Warriors, and treasures, they are also ambitiously building the city into the new era. The architecture of the new city adapts to the architecture style of the Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD):

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Subway in Xi’an was a $2.24 billion massive project, it is clean and accessible. Per ticket only costs 20 to 30 cents despite the distance. Here is the underpass in downtown:

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The Shaanxi History Museum is known as “ancient capital pearl, Chinese treasure house”. The museum maintains 370,000 treasures:

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Here is a brief history about the city wall in Xi’an.

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