On March 29, 1974, Lintong District, Xi’an three farmers were drilling holes of finding underground water. Before they found water, they discovered some ancient terracotta pottery shards.
By July a Chinese archaeological team began excavating the site. What these farmers had discovered was the 2200-year-old remains of a life-sized, terracotta army which had been buried with the Qin Emperor who had brutally united the country, thus became the very first emperor of China (221-210 BCE).
The terracotta army consists of over 7,000 warriors of varying ranks. Thousands have been restored to their former grandeur. Each is life-sized and unique. The details in the faces and hairstyles as well as clothing and arm positioning make no two terracotta soldiers alike.
During a series of excavations, archaeologists also unearthed horses, bird and animal pits and a bronze chariot pit. Below is the Bronze, gold, and silver Chariot, excavated from the Bronze Chariot Pit.
The TW Museum is between 15 to 23 feet deep and covering 4 acres, it has been divided into three sections.
Today excavation continues. And the new generation of archaeologists has now taken over the vast task.
The history, excavate, restoration, and archaeological research are deep.
P.S. Below is the Sword with inlaid openwork hilt in 770–476 BCE. Excavated at Taigongmiao village, Yangjiagou in Baoji, Shaanxi, 1978:
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