The prehistory cave paintings in Lascaux became known as the Prehistoric Sistine Chapel Art, approx 18,000 years old.

Researchers and archaeologists have found color minerals in the cave and tons of stone tools with different shapes.

Nearly 2,000 figures were found in the Lascaux cave, including bulls, horses, bison, deer, mountain goats, ponies, unicorn, two lions (one of them was spitting blood), and one bear. Some strokes were painted with two colors and many were applied two layers of colors to give variations of tones. They even used white or yellow for the background.


There are a few interesting findings about the cave paintings:

  • Powder blowing techniques were used to draw the animal lines.
  • Small dots were used in addition to lines.
  • Rework and corrections were found on paintings.
  • Carving was used after the painting is done to bring up the colors.


Painting techniques were remarkable:

  • Painters discovered the cave walls, and they were perfectly prepared for the wall decorations and paintings.
  • Most paintings were accommodated shelter and walls, rather than the other way around.
  • Paintings of these animals were showing signs of fear and angry.
  • Painters used the uneven surface of the cave walls to paint then carved the joints of muscles of animals, thus the animals were like in full fleet, jumping, or rolling on the ground.
  • Animal’s breathe was also portrayed, e.g. painted a short brush of stroke in front of the mouth of the animal.
  • Animals were painted from different angles.
  • Using different lines, straight and curve, to paint feathers, group of lines, and lines of spots.



  • The painters did not live in the cave because it was too cold. They stayed in the cave to paint the walls.
  • Nearly 340 prehistory painting caves were discovered in France and Spain. The oldest one is about 40,000 years old in Spain.
  • Above photos are from wiki commons.


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